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Ukraine-Russia war triggers significant German policy changes.

The Russian invasion of Ukraine is a pivotal moment in German political life. Several long-standing values have been abandoned.

The war is breaking out in Europe once more — and it has taken many people from Germany entirely off guard. Due to an escalating Russian invading Ukraine and the resurgence of the Ukrainian government, particularly those in power have decided to change their approach to several crucial policies.

Exports of weapons into regions in need

Exporting German weapons into conflict zones was a long-standing no-no, especially for the Greens, the second largest group in the coalition government. Greens are the second-largest party in the coalition government. Green Party has its roots in the movement for peace in the 1980s.

The party has backed peace initiatives by the German army and the Bundeswehr; however, it has always advocated a highly restrictive export policy for arms. In the wake of press pressure from the public and similar commitments from other nations, German weapons will be supplied to Ukraine, including 500 anti-tank guns and 1,000 anti-aircraft missiles.

Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock (Greens) informed lawmakers in the federal legislature in a speech on Sunday despite the restraint still needed in the arms export policy. Ukraine “must not be abandoned to be a victim of the aggressor bringing destruction and death to the nation.”

In their coalition agreement, the center-left SPD, the Greens, and the Neoliberal Free Democrats (FDP) had agreed to a strict weapons export policy that doesn’t permit any weapons deliveries to areas in crisis, stuck the same stance throughout recent weeks. The agreement stipulates that “exceptions are only permitted in specific cases that are justified that should document in a transparent public way.”

Baerbock explained her decision to change her mind in the parliament on Sunday, said: “Just a few weeks ago, I was in this place and stated regarding weapons deliveries that a decision to take 180 degrees in foreign policy should be made at the right moment and with complete awareness. As sad as it may be, the moment now is the time to make that decision.”

Upgrades to the Bundeswehr

For a long time, due to the country’s past in the role of an aggressor within Germany who advocated for the strengthening of the Bundeswehr was quickly branded to be a warlord. The military, however, is being upgraded massively. The forces of the armed forces will be glorified through a unique funding budget of $100 billion ($1.2 billion).

Military strategists are currently contemplating where exactly to invest. For instance, they are considering the development of new combat aircraft and tanks in conjunction with European partners, particularly France.

There is a certainty that there is a transition towards the international mission. Twenty years ago, Defense Minister Peter Struck (SPD) famously stated: “The security of the Federal Republic of Germany is also being protected in the Hindu Kush.” That was the first time the German Afghanistan mission. The following years saw the Bundeswehr expand into larger operational zones far away from its territory because the belief was that Germany itself was secure enough.

The Afghanistan mission has finished. The end of the Mali mission, which began in 2013is also shortly, and NATO territories are at risk, possibly the entire country, including Germany itself. It’s no wonder that the question that concerns national security, which was the primary goal of the Bundeswehr, is coming into focus.

Budget principles are often thrown out of the window.

This EUR100billion ($1.2 billion) for the military is expected, not a one-time event. However, defense spending is expected to increase over time. NATO and the United States have been pushing the Berlin government to boost defense spending for a long time. The NATO nations have set themselves to spend two percent of their output on defense. Germany has been paying far lower and recently increased defense expenditure to about 1.5 percent of its GDP.

The SPD The SPD, the Greens, and the communist-led opposition Left Party, in particular, have always resisted the 2% goal. In the present, chancellor Olaf Scholz has announced that Germany could even exceed it.

To pay for the new military expenditure, The federal government is looking to borrow more money.

Germany has already made huge loans to help cover the economic losses caused by fighting the COVID pandemic.

The third of the coalition partners that is a business-oriented party, the Free Democrats (FDP), is known for its commitment to reducing expenditure by the federal government as one of their fundamental values. However, now FDP Chairman and Finance Minister Christian Lindner have no other choice than to accept a record amount of debt.

Rethinking the energy policy

To a considerable extent, Germany is heavily dependent upon Russian energy sources: Russia accounts for more than 50% of Germany’s natural gas imports and nearly 40 percent of the oil imports. It isn’t easy to replace them in a short time.

The German government is seeking to develop renewable energy sources dramatically. However, it had plans to end coal-fired power and nuclear power. Hydrogen power is a possibility that is currently being researched. However, it is not yet in a stage where it will produce massive electricity output. If the wind isn’t blowing and the sun isn’t shining, the new gas-fired power stations were supposed to fill in the energy gap.

To limit dependence on Russia in gas supplies, gas terminals to liquefy natural gas imported from the US are currently being constructed.

The government is even contemplating letting nuclear power plants still operate, and some coal-fired power stations run longer than they originally scheduled. This is especially apprehensive for the Greens since they seek to eliminate nuclear energy and coal as quickly as possible. However, “there are no restrictions. All things are open to discussions,” says Green Economy Minister Robert Habeck.

Humanitarian concerns Policy on refugees

There isn’t much change coming from Germany in accepting refugees. Since 2015, Germany has taken in hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees. Civil conflict in Syria, however, the policies of Germany also caused an abundance of opposition in the home and overseas.

Everyone is beginning to be united in facing the expected refugee influx from Ukraine.

In the present, German Interior Minister Nancy Faeser (SPD) has already gotten her counterparts throughout the EU to ease the entry to Ukrainian refugees. “Refugees from Ukraine are not required to undergo an asylum process. They will be granted protection within Europe and the EU in up to 3 years,” Faster announced.

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